What is Democracy?

And is there any left after McHutchenson vs. FEC?

Democracy meme
“It will be of little avail to the people that the laws are made by men of their own choice if the laws be so voluminous that they cannot be read, or so incoherent that they cannot be understood.” ~James Madison, Federalist Papers No. 62

One of the cheapest ways to corrupt a mixed-constitutional system, or republic, is to ensure that the democratic branch is unaware of what type of system they live in, and thus are unable to vote to preserve the balance of powers. Like thinking they live in a “democracy.”

This is far cheaper than owning the president, or buying off the legislative branch.Democracy’s sound nice, but the Athenian model had numerous problems, including “ochlocracy” as noted here, which is the tyranny of the majority, or “kakocracy” which is rule by the worst or stupidest element. This can also be a problem in a 2-party republic that is not parliamentary, such as ours.

In a Democracy, the people don’t vote on representatives, as in a republic (in a time of crisis, they appointed a dictator: every interested citizen put their name in an urn, and one was drawn, showing how democracy alone decays into tyranny again or mob rule). In Athens the people did vote on the laws. Only in a republic however do we vote on our representatives.

Only a republic can prevent kingship from decaying into tyranny, oligarchy from turning into aristocracy, and democracy decaying into a system that starts the cycle all over again (ergo why communism didn’t work). 

As for servitude, if there is no political system, of course, the power vacuum would be instantly filled by a king. So is it servitude to wish to be in control of governance of oneself? If the truth doesn’t come out about how to harness control of our government, lies that disempower you will.

Is it a failure of the legislative branch, or a failure of the democratic branch to check obvious faux pas? Or a concerted disinformation campaign to ensure they don’t know how? Clinton says it was the latter. But ignorance has continued pervasive since the Dark Ages. Stand for nothing, and fall for anything.

However, one important aspect of a republic is that even uneducated people are supposed to be able to look at the laws and tell if they are just.

Of course, by this token, the Supreme Court is a strange oddity. Even it’s name seems unrepublican, like the Supreme Leader. See how they folded up the power and put it away, like a piece of paper tucked in some powerful person’s pocket.

Why these concepts are so important to understand! This no doubt accounts for the spate of quotes from Framers. A unconstitutional decision about unconstitutionality cannot hold firm, and yet they have supreme power over the constitution itself. But a constitutions one and only job is to uphold the divine separation of powers, which the FEC decision utterly fails to do, contradicting every recommendation from our founding fathers, and Academic philosophers like Plato and Cicero.

The power of iudicium, or the power to judge, is an important political power taken away from a king upon the founding of a republic. The other power is imperium, the ability to use physical force. Since administering the law courts, and using public money for public things, are pretty much the only duties of the legislature, is there any legitimacy to outsourcing it, our removing its authority from the ability of other branches to check?

If having the legislature regulate campaign finance was bad enough (or worse than their inability to have this be regulated in the first place), now they’ve sent it to a branch of government beyond the people to check, predictably allowing corruption to run rampant.

Citizens United Strikes Again

My post about Citizens United from yesterday seems clairvoyant today (emphasis on seems).

On April Fool’s Day it was no joke when  Chief Justice John Roberts went even beyond Citizen’s United to get rid of all limits on individual contributions during an election cycle, reported author Robert Reich, and creator of the documentary, “Inequality for All,” about how corporate money is corrupting our political system.

According to Reich, in Supreme Court the decision in “McCutcheon vs. Federal Election Commission,” went against historical precedent and providential wisdom of the Founding Fathers.

“Overturning 40 years of national policy and 38 years of judicial precedent, the Court’s decision allows federal officeholders to solicit and individual donors to pour as much as $3.6 million directly into federal campaigns every election cycle – buying unparalleled personal influence in Washington and drowning out the voices of ordinary citizens. (It gives me no satisfaction that I testified against John Roberts at his confirmation hearing years ago.) This is the most brazen invitation to oligarchy in Supreme Court history. ”

Reich joins me in calling for the Constitution to establish what statecraft makes incontrovertably clear:  that corporations are not people, and more over, he says, that money is not speech under the First Amendment, and that the people have the right to set limits on how much money individuals and corporations can spend on elections.

You with us?

2 Things You Can Learn about Corruption from a Roosevelt

There is trouble ahead when corporations are considered people…and here’s why.



Corporations cannot be considered people in a just state: a state must be for the people, by the people, otherwise it is not a state, but a state of affairs, and will fall.

A state must be for the health of the people: this is actually Locke’s supreme law of government. If a state is for greed of money, in any form (black gold, selling off the land on which the republic was founded for just gold, etc.) then it is no longer for the people, creating a point of necessity, resulting in the state of affairs.

According to the physics of the state, therefore, people cannot be corporations. I am not sure what sort of statesmen they have in office, but only if the seats were filled with them would it be possible to get campaign finance reform passed, and safeguard the seat for politicians. It is impossible to consider that the legislature will regulate themselves.

In a mixed constitutional system, there are three ways to introduce corruption: through the executive, the legislature, or the people – namely by ensuring they are uneducated, and don’t know how to vote to preserve the balance of power. Asking the legislature to check themselves is foolhardy: they will sell of the government too as just gold, until it is so riddled with holes and loopholes that nothing is left standing.


roosevelt campaign contributions

Corporations were already technically people from a business standpoint. But Citizens United didn’t give corporations freedom of speech or the right to make a documentary: it gave them a right to make a documentary and hide that it was them.

For example, Coca Cola can make a documentary opposing Bloomberg’s soda law, and say it was made by “New Yorkers for Beverage Choices,” and get signatures. Another group was going around riling up New York Business owners against the Styrofoam ban, but none of the businesses were aware polystyrene companies were behind it: they said they wouldn’t have supported it had they known.

Don’t be fooled by the hype! Citizens United gave corporations the right to control the political process, just as Roosevelt warned against.

Turks Protest Executive Corruption

The president in Turkey is having a hard time suppressing protests after allegations of embezzlement today, as a recording of a phone conversation of the President telling his son to hide large sums of money emerged.

Recep Tayyip Erdogan
Photograph: Adem Altan/AFP/Getty Images

The president claims that the phone recordings were doctored. However, the allegations are a part of a longer investigation.

Police entered the home of the President and found large sums of cash. The president was unable to supress the reports, even though he  censored the internet, blogs and news stations, dismissed numerous officers.

Turks joined the many countries of the world expressing their rage and dissatisfaction to their governments over failure to uphold a balanced mixed-constitutional system, striving for the Platonic ideal of a just and uncorrupted state.

Writing the First Draft of History